The magnificent country of Morocco is essentially a tribal one. Five dynasties have been in power throughout the history of the Kingdom. To solidify their authority these dynasties allied with Muslim and sometimes Jewish tribes and these ancient and historic tribes are still in existence. However, their influence has greatly decreased in the larger cities of the country. The fascinating and colorful history of Morocco has been strongly influenced by diverse populations that integrated their cultures and traditions into the fabric of the country.

Discover our best selection of Morocco circuits & excursions:

$685 morocco adventure holiday

Morocco Adventure Holiday

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

Morocco Andalou

Morocco Andalou

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Casablanca

rabat private day trip

Rabat Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

Agafay Desert Day Trip

Agafay Desert Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$689 Marrakech To Desert Adventure

Marrakech to Desert

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

Hiking in the Berber land

Hiking in the Berber land

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$665 Visit Marrakech & Ouarzazate

Marrakech & Ouarzazate

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Ouarzazate

$775 Tangier and Imperial Cities

Tangier and Imperial Cities

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Tangier

$725 Atlantic Coast Cities Tour

Atlantic Coast Cities Tour

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$825 Cultural Trip in Morocco

Cultural Trip in Morocco

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Tangier

casablanca day trip

Casablanca Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$1,099 Spa Resort In Marrakech

Spa Resort In Marrakech

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

zat valley private tour

Zat Valley Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

Morocco Desert Safari

Morocco Desert Safari

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$549 Agadir To Desert Tour

Agadir To Desert Tour

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Agadir

$655 The Road of Kasbahs

The Road of Kasbahs

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

High Atlas Mountains Day Trip

Atlas Mountains Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

Anti Atlas & Atlantic coast

Anti Atlas & Atlantic coast

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$409 $369 Sale! Weekend Desert Trip

Weekend Desert Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

agadir private day trip

Agadir Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

Family Berber And Beach

Family Berber And Beach

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Agadir

Essaouira day trip

Essaouira Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

Oualidia day trip

Oualidia Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

Morocco Family Holiday

Morocco Family Holiday

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$499 Morocco Camel Ride

Morocco Camel Ride

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Ouarzazate

Discover Valley Aït Bougmez

Discover Valley Aït Bougmez

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$356 South Morocco Tour

South Morocco Tour

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Agadir

$649 Morocco Adventure Trip

Morocco Adventure Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$695 Imperial Cities and Desert Tour

Imperial Cities & Desert Tour

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$285 Ouarzazate to Merzouga

Ouarzazate to Merzouga

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Ouarzazate

$899 Road of 1000 Kasbahs Tour

Road of 1000 Kasbahs Tour

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Ouarzazate

3 valleys day trip

3 Valleys Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

Hiking and Wellness in Ouirgane

Hiking in Ouirgane

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$1,015 Agadir and the Imperial Cities

Agadir & the Imperial Cities

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Casablanca

$1,188 casablanca Morocco Tour

The best of Morocco Tour

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Casablanca

$676 Atlas & Sahara Hiking Trip

Atlas & Sahara Hiking Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$899 Morocco Adventure Tour

Morocco Adventure Tour

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

Paradise Valley Day Trip

Paradise Valley Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$249 Ouarzazate to Desert Tour

Ouarzazate to Desert Tour

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Ouarzazate

$488 Family Camel Trek

Family Camel Trek

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Ouarzazate

$665 Imperial Cities Tour

Imperial Cities Tour

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

El Jadida Day Trip

El Jadida Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$449 Visit Fez and Marrakech

Visit Fez and Marrakech

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Fez

Plateau Kik Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$1,649 Two-weeks trip in Morocco

Two-weeks trip in Morocco

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$566 Morocco Camel Trek

Morocco Camel Trek

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Ouarzazate

Oukaimden travel guide

Oukaimeden Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

kasbah ait benhaddou

Ouarzazate Day Trip

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$749 Best of South Morocco

Best of South Morocco

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$348 High Atlas Trekking

High Atlas Trekking

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

South Morocco Discovery

South Morocco Discovery

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

The Call of the Sahara

The Call of the Sahara

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

Imperial Cities & Oasis

Imperial Cities & Oasis

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$899 casablanca day trip

Imperial Cities from Casablanca

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Casablanca

$619 The best of Marrakech

The best of Marrakech

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

$599 kasbah ait bouthagar Ait Mgoun

Trek In M’goun Mountain

Type: Private Tour
Starts in: Marrakech

Morocco History

From Prehistory to Antiquity
A human settlement dated 800,000 BC was discovered in the city of Casablanca. Other archeological discoveries support a fascinating discovery that is evidence of life in the area even before the great Sahara was a desert.

Around 5,000 BC, people arrived from the Middle East and Berber tribes began to settle in the country. The most ancient documented writings date from 800 BC, the period that marks the beginning of Morocco’s history. Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, and Byzantines settled in the area, and some, in Essaouira and Volubilis, left important historical evidence of their habitation. In 682, the Arabian conquests of Okba Ibn Nafii lead to the Islamization of the country.

The dynasties
In 788, the Idrissides founded the official Moroccan state. In 909, the Kingdom was officially proclaimed at Volubilis, and Idriss the 1st became King of the land then known as Maghreb el-Aqça, or Far Maghreb. The dynasty of Youcef Ben Tachefine, founder of the city of Marrakech, followed. Under his rule, Morocco and the Muslim Spanish were united.

The Almohades dynasty followed the dynasty of Youcef Ben Tachefine and solidified the political unity between Northern Africa and Andalusia. After the death of Yacoub Mansour, a schism divided the country. Abou Youssef Yacoub gained control of the city of Marrakech and through this action created the Merinides dynasty.

The Merinides attempted to rebuild the empire that was weakened during the takeover of the dynasty that proceeded and political problems arose in 1348, further weakening the system and resulting in the rise of another dynasty, the Saadians.

Saadians are descendants of the Prophet and come from the valley of Drâa. They choose Marrakech as the capital of their country and later named it Morocco, a shorter version of the name of the city.  Morocco then underwent an important economic and military development.

A new dynasty, the Alaouites, from the south of the country, came to power. Founded by Moulay Ali Cherif, a descendant of the Prophet, this dynasty rules Morocco to this day and has brought political stability to the Kingdom.

Colonialism and Independence
Colonization was a significant factor in the vibrant history of Morocco. The Protectorate Treaty, signed in Fez in 1912, led to an important French immigration. The arrival of European products, roads, and the construction of railroads, the development of the port of Casablanca and the development of the richest areas of the country led to significant change. The movement of the capital to Rabat is one of many examples of this time of extraordinary growth.

From 1930 on, a strong nationalist movement developed, supported by the success of other countries in their battles for independence from France and the weakening of French power during World War II. King Mohammed, I rallied behind this cause, only to be deposed and exiled to Madagascar in 1953.

However, the nationalist movement gained momentum, and, following negotiations held in Aix Les Bains, France finally acknowledged Morocco’s independence on March 2, 1956. A  fountain and a monument were erected in the central park of this Savoyard city to commemorate this historic event.  The King returned from exile and became Mohammed V. He was succeeded by Hassan II, and by the current leader Mohammed VI.